Oocyte donation, commonly referred to as egg donation, is sometimes the only way for a woman to have a child. This is the case when a when a woman's ovary does not produce eggs or the eggs produced are of poor quality, despite the use of fertility boosting medicines. In such cases, she is unable to have a pregnancy with her own eggs. Inability to produce eggs of adequate quality can be due to the following factors:
• Advanced age
• Disease affecting the ovaries
• Genetic abnormalities
• Prior surgeries that necessitated removal of the ovaries
• Chemotherapy or radiotherapy treatments for cancer patients can destroy the ovaries
You can bring a person known to you for donating her eggs and well will be happy to accommodate her if she meets the required criteria. If not, we have a successful donor program from which we will be able to provide eggs for you.
Requirements for an egg donor:
• The age of the donor must not be less than 21 or more than 35 years.
• The individual must be free of HIV and hepatitis B and C infections, hypertension, diabetes, sexually transmitted diseases, and identifiable and common genetic disorders such as thalassemia.
• Previous fertility status is also an important factor as it heavily influences the success of the donor program.
What is the procedure involved in getting a child with a donor program
The infertile couple is evaluated and options other than using a donor egg are first explored. A donor program is chosen only when it is established that the female partner cannot produce eggs of adequate quality despite the use of fertility boosting medicines.
The egg donor has to undergo thorough evaluation to make sure that she is fit for the donor program. She is then stimulated with fertility enhancing hormones, so that she produces many eggs, and these eggs are retrieved in a short procedure called oocyte retrieval under anaesthesia.
The retrieved eggs are then injected with the infertile couple's husband's sperm in the lab using a technique called ICSI and embryos are formed.
The recipient's uterus is prepared with hormones and serial scan is done to ensure the uterus inner lining is perfect for the embryo to be transferred. When the scan and blood tests are satisfactory the embryos are transferred to the recipient.